• USSS/ED/FBI Joint Study on Campus Attacks
  •              Guide for Law Enforcement
  •         Threat Assessment Handbook
  •          Threat Assessment Lessons Learned
  •         School Threat Assessment Guide
  •         Safe School Initiative Final Report

Popular Threat Assessment Resources

Campus Threat Assessment and Management Teams: What Risk Managers Need to Know Now
URMIA Journal Article Reprint
Nolan, J., Randazzo, M. & Deisinger, G. (2011)

How to Find a Good Threat Assessment Consultant: 5 Questions to Ask Before You Hire
Blog post by Dr. Marisa Randazzo & Dr. Gene Deisinger

Association of Threat Assessment Professionals (ATAP)
The internationally-recognized professional association for those working in the field of threat assessment and threat management.

 

Investigative Resources

Protective Intelligence & Threat Assessment Investigations: A Guide for State and Local Law Enforcement Officials
by Robert A. Fein and Bryan Vossekuil (1998).

Campus Attacks: Targeted Violence Affecting Institutions of Higher Education
U.S. Secret Service, U.S. Department of Education, Federal Bureau of Investigation
by Diana A. Drysdale, William Modzeleski, & Andre B. Simons (2010)

Preventing Targeted Violence Against Judicial Officials and Courts
Reprint: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
by Bryan Vossekuil, Randy Borum, Robert Fein, & Marisa Reddy (2001)

Workplace Violence: Issues in Response
Report from the Critical Incident Response Group, National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime (NCAVC), FBI Academy, Quantico VA.

The Handbook for Campus Threat Assessment & Management Teams
by Gene Deisinger, Ph.D., Marisa Randazzo, Ph.D., Dan O’Neill & Jenna Savage (2008).

Police Psychologists as Consultants
Article in POLICE CHIEF Magazine

 

Workplace Threat Assessment

Workplace Violence: Issues in Response
Report from the Critical Incident Response Group, National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime (NCAVC), FBI Academy, Quantico VA.

The Handbook for Campus Threat Assessment & Management Teams
by Gene Deisinger, Ph.D., Marisa Randazzo, Ph.D., Dan O’Neill & Jenna Savage (2008).

 

Campus Threat Assessment

Campus Attacks: Targeted Violence Affecting Institutions of Higher Education
U.S. Secret Service, U.S. Department of Education, Federal Bureau of Investigation
by Diana A. Drysdale, William Modzeleski, & Andre B. Simons (2010)

The Handbook for Campus Threat Assessment & Management Teams
by Gene Deisinger, Ph.D., Marisa Randazzo, Ph.D., Dan O’Neill & Jenna Savage (2008)

Implementing Behavioral Threat Assessment on Campus: A Virginia Tech Demonstration Project
by Marisa Randazzo, Ph.D., & Ellen Plummer, Ph.D. (2009).

Guide for Developing High-Quality Emergency Operations Plans for Institutions of Higher Education
U.S. Department of Education, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Federal Emergency Management Agency (2013).

University Counseling Centers’ Role in Campus Threat Assessment and Management                          Perloe, A. & Pollard, J.W. (2016).  University Counseling Centers’ Role in Campus Threat Assessment and Management.  Journal of Threat Assessment and Management, 3, no. 1, 1-20.

The Role of Threat Assessment and Management in College Counseling Centers: How’s that net working?
Pollard, J.W., Flynn, C. & Eells, G. (2015).  The Role of Threat Assessment and Management in College Counseling Centers: How’s that net working?  The Journal of College Student Psychotherapy, 29, no. 4.

 

K-12 Threat Assessment

The Final Report and Findings of the Safe School Initiative: Implications for the Prevention of School Attacks in the United States.
by Bryan Vossekuil, Robert A. Fein, Ph.D., Marisa Reddy, Ph.D., Randy Borum, Psy.D., & William Modzeleski (2002).

Threat Assessment in Schools: A Guide to Managing Threatening Situations and to Creating Safe School Climates
by Robert A. Fein, Ph.D., Bryan Vossekuil, William S. Pollack, Ph.D., Randy Borum, Psy.D., William Modzeleski, & Marisa Reddy, Ph.D. (2002).

Evaluating Risk for Targeted Violence in Schools: Comparing Risk Assessment, Threat Assessment, and Other Approaches
by Marisa Reddy, Randy Borum, John Berglund, Bryan Vossekuil, Robert Fein, and William Modzeleski (2001).

Guide for Developing High-Quality School Emergency Operations Plans
U.S. Department of Education, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Federal Emergency Management Agency (2013).